The Act sets a regulatory framework for electricity industry participants that promotes efficient, economical and environmentally sound electricity supply and use and establishes a competitive electricity market in line with national reforms.
The Act provides for a system of authorisations of entities which may be involved in electricity generation, transmission, distribution and retail (sale).
It sets out the conditions under which these entities operate and provides a framework for a competitive electricity market.
The Act regulates the operations of the industry and, for that purpose, gives certain powers to the Regulator and to authorised persons.
Commercial, technical and environmental obligations and considerations relating to the supply and use of electricity are also provided for in the legislation, including obligations in relation to energy efficiency and performance of electrical equipment.
The following Subordinate Legislation should be examined:
- Electricity Regulation 2006
The following Guides or Booklets are available:
- The National Electricity Rules which govern the competitive National Electricity Market are available from the Australian Energy Market Commission (AEMC).
An obligation defined in law. A business must comply with relevant services.
Definition of terms
- The Regulator
The Director General, Department of Energy and Water Supply (refer to section 62 of the Electricity Act 1994).
Government owned electricity entities are established under the Government Owned Corporations Act 1993 which also sets out some of the functions, powers and obligations of these corporations in addition to the provisions in the Electricity Act 1994.
Compliance Mechanisms and Penalties
Offences against the Act may result in suspension or cancellation of authorities, imposition of fines, or in certain cases, a term of imprisonment.
Authorised officers have investigative powers under the Act including powers of entry, search and seizure of evidence under the authority of a warrant issued by a Magistrate.
Review or Appeal Mechanisms
The Regulator has a reviewing function on certain decisions.
The Act provides for appeals against administrative decisions to the appropriate court.
Appeal to a higher court may only be on a point of law.
Department of Energy and Water Supply
Energy Sector Regulation
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