Land Act 1994 - Queensland

Service summary

To administer and manage non freehold State land for the benefit of the people of Queensland, having regard to the principles of:

  • sustainable resource use and development
  • evaluation of land based on appraisal of land capability and values
  • allocation of land for appropriate development
  • retention of land for community purposes
  • protection of environmentally and culturally valuable areas
  • consultation with community groups, industry associations and authorities in decision making
  • efficient, open and accountable administration.

The Act provides a basis for:

  • the allocation of land by grant or lease
  • the dedication or closure of roads
  • the reservation of land for community purposes
  • the registration of land interests.

Service type

Regulatory Obligation

An obligation defined in law. A business must comply with relevant services.

Definition of terms

Unallocated State land

means all land that is not: a) freehold land, or land contracted to be granted in fee simple by the State; or b) a road or reserve, including a national park, conservation park, State forest or timber reserve; c) subject to a lease, licence or permit issued by, or for, the State other than a permit to occupy under this Act issued by the Chief Executive.

Publications Details

  • A Guide to Land Tenure in Queensland
  • A series of booklets entitled "Land facts" - available through the district offices of the department
  • A series of brochures relating to Land Stewards responsibilities - available on the department's website
  • A range of policies relating to the Act and its application is also available on the department's website.



Authorised inspectors have powers to investigate suspected breaches of the Act. Offences may be prosecuted in a Magistrate's Court.

Fines may be imposed for unlawful occupation of land, and other offences.

Failure to pay rent by the due date or to comply with the conditions of a lease, licence or permit can result in the lease or permit being forfeited or cancelled.


Appeal process


An application may be made to the Minister for a review of certain decisions. An appeal against certain decisions of the Minister may be made to the Land Court.

An appeal against a Magistrate's Court decision may be made to the District Court, but only on a point of law.

Administering agency

Department of Natural Resources and Mines
Service Delivery
State Land Operation

Regulation(s) name

Land Regulation 2009 (Queensland)

Contact details

Corporate Headquarters
Department of Natural Resources and Mines
Service Delivery
State Land Operation


13 QGOV (13 74 68)


Department of Natural Resources and Mines contact list Opens in a new browser window

Supporting information


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