Inspectors, including Departmental officers, RSPCA officers and police officers, have powers to enforce compliance with the Act. These include provisions for entry and inspection of premises, seizure of evidence and destruction of animals in certain cases. Offences may be prosecuted in a Magistrates Court and penalties include fines or imprisonment.
In certain circumstances Authorised Officers have powers to conduct monitoring programs to ensure compliance with mandatory code requirements, such as the use of animals for scientific purposes and poultry housing.
The maximum penalty for cruelty to animals under the Animal Care and Protection Act 2001 is a $227,700 fine or 3 years imprisonment for a person and a $1,138,500 fine for corporations. Individuals convicted of breaching duty of care to animals face a maximum fin of $34,155 or one year in prison.
People who intentionally inflcit severe pain and suffering upon an animal can also be convicted under the Criminal Code Act 1899 in Queensland. The maximum penalty is a 7 years jail sentence.