Food Act 2006 - Queensland


The main purposes of the Food Act 2006 (the Act) are as follows:

  • ensuring food for sale is safe and suitable for human consumption;
  • preventing misleading conduct in connection with the sale of food; and
  • providing for the application of the Food Standards Code.

The Act provides controls over the preparation, handling and sale of food in Queensland.

It also sets out offences against the Act and provides for prosecutions and penalties for such offences.

The Food Act 2006 (Section 39) requires that food businesses and persons must comply with the Australia New Zealand Food Standards Code (the Code).

The following Subordinate Legislation should be examined:

  • Food Regulation 2006

The following Guides or Booklets are available:

There are a variety of food safety resources available from the Queensland Heath website.

Service type

Regulatory Obligation

An obligation defined in law. A business must comply with relevant services.

Other resources

Additional information

Please contact your local government for further information in relation to food business responsibilities or food safety and hygiene matters.

For further information about food labelling and composition requirements, please contact your local Public Health Unit.

Appeal process


Compliance Mechanisms and Penalties:

Queensland Health is responsible for regulation of provisions of the Australia New Zealand Food Standards Code (the Code) in relation to the composition, labelling, packaging and advertising of food.

Food Standards Australia New Zealand (FSANZ) is an independent statutory agency which is part of the Australian Governments Health and Ageing portfolio, responsible for developing standards for inclusion or amendment to the Code. The Code is the official legal document that is given legal force (in full or in part) via State/Territory, Commonwealth and New Zealand food legislation.

Queensland Health and local governments have a role to play in investigating alleged foodborne illness outbreaks and complaints relating to foreign matter in food. Non-compliance with the Act carries significant penalties of over $130,000 and two years imprisonment.

Local governments have responsibility for enforcing food safety standards and can issue improvement notices to food businesses found not complying.  Failure to comply with an improvement notice is an offence and can result in the food business being prosecuted.

Authorised persons (Queensland Health and local government officers) have powers to enter, inspect, investigate, serve notices, open products, take and remove samples, seize and detain evidence.  Provisions exist for officers to mark, fasten, seal and secure food to remove it from circulation while an investigation occurs and to direct removal or ensure the recall of products where a health risk exists.

Local governments can suspend or cancel food business licences or apply for an injunction which may involve a food business having to cease operation.

Both Queensland Health and local governments can issue infringement notices, also known as 'on-the-spot' fines, for certain offences under the Food Act 2006.  Offences may be prosecuted in the magistrates court.

Biosecurity Queensland is responsible for Queensland's primary industries, which includes animal and plant biosecurity.

Safe Food Production Queensland (SFPQ) is a statutory authority that is responsible for the regulation of the production and processing of primary produce where a food safety scheme applies, under the Food Production (Safety) Act 2000.  Currently, there are food safety schemes for:

  • egg and egg products
  • dairy products
  • meat and particular meat products
  • seafood
  • horticulture

Review or Appeal Mechanisms:

The Act provides for the review and appeal of decisions made in the administration and enforcement of the Act. For details regarding appeals and reviews of decisions, see Chapter 9 of the Act.

Administering agency

Queensland Health

Health Protection Branch

Food Safety Standards and Regulation

Contact details

Contact Email, Phone and Address Details for this service in simple two column table format, header then data.

Please use these contact details for help or more information:

Food Safety Standards and Regulation

Health Protection Branch

Queensland Health

Phone: 07 3328 9310
Website: Queensland Health (Opens in new window)