The main object of the Radiation Safety Act 1999 is to protect persons and the environment from the harmful effects of particular sources of ionising radiation and harmful non-ionising radiation.
The Act provides for:
- the establishment of a licensing regime to regulate the possession and use of radiation sources and the transportation of radioactive substances,
- the establishment of a legislative framework to ensure radiation sources and the premises at which they are used, and the premises at which radioactive substances are stored, comply with radiation safety standards,
- imposing restrictions on the acquisition and relocation of radiation sources and the disposal of radiation apparatus and radioactive material,
- requiring a person who possesses a radiation source for a radiation practice to have an approved radiation safety and protection plan,
- ensuring the health and safety of any person is not adversely affected by the carrying out of radiation practices with radiation sources,
- establishing a legislative framework within which compliance monitoring, investigative and enforcement activities, may be undertaken; and
- establishing the Radiation Advisory Council.
The Regulation provides the following details:
- the specification of what is considered to be a radioactive substance and a radiation apparatus,
- the limits on radiation exposure of persons,
- the limits on the radioactive material that may be disposed of without an approval to dispose, and
- exemptions from the requirements to hold licences in certain circumstances.
The following Subordinate Legislation should also be examined:
- Radiation Safety Regulation 2010
- Radiation Safety (Radiation Safety Standards) Notice 2010.