All controlled waste in South Australia must be tracked. Controlled waste is any that can harm human health and the environment if it is not managed properly. It is produced by:
- industrial or commercial activities
- medical, nursing, dental, veterinary, pharmaceutical or other related activities
- activities carried out on or at a laboratory
- an apparatus for the treatment of sewage.
Controlled waste must be dispatched from an approved consignor to an approved receiving facility under a consignment authority. Approved receiving facilities are licensed to deal with controlled waste under an Environment Authorisation Licence. Approved consignors are producers of controlled waste. Consignment authorities are issued to approved consignors by the approved receiving facility or the agency and can cover multiple loads of controlled waste and remain valid for up to one year.
Each individual consignment of controlled waste must be accompanied by a transport certificate which details the required information about the consignment of controlled waste. Transport certificates are paper or electronic certificates that outline the required information about the consignment of controlled waste, the consignor, transporter and the receiving facility.